Warren Hardy

Associate Professor

(540) 231-4314
443 Kelly Hall – 0194
325 Stanger Street
Blacksburg, VA 24061
whardy@vt.edu

Education

  • Ph.D., Wayne State University, Biomedical Engineering, 2007
  • M.S., Wayne State University, Mechanical Engineering, Biomechanics, 1988
  • B.S., University of Michigan, Engineering Science, Bioengineering Option, 1985
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  • Research

    • Impact and injury response and tolerance Properties of biological materials
    • Macro and micro mechanisms of trauma Physical and numerical surrogate development
    • Automotive crash testing
    • Physical and numerical surrogate development


  • Professional Affiliations

    • Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM) – Scientific Program Committee (Past Chair)
    • Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) – Member, Congress Organizer
    • American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) – Member
    • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) – Member
    • Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) – Member

  • Publications

    • Hardy, WN; Mason, MJ; Foster, CD; Shah, CS; Kopacz, JM; Yang, KH; King, AI; Bishop,J; Bey, M; Anderst, W; Tashman, S: A Study of the Response of the Human Cadaver Head to Impact Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 51, 2007.
    • Foster, CD; Hardy, WN; Yang, KH; King, AI; Hashimoto S: High-Speed Seatbelt Pretensioner Loading of the Abdomen. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 50, 2006.
    • Shah, CS; Hardy, WN; Mason, MJ; Yang, KH; Van Ee CA; Morgan, R; Digges, K: Dynamic Biaxial Tissue Properties of the Human Cadaver Aorta. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 50, 2006.
    • Hardy, WN; Shah, CS; Kopacz, JM; Yang, KH; Van Ee CA; Morgan, R; Digges, K: Study of Potential Mechanisms of Traumatic Rupture of the Aorta Using In Situ Experiments. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 50, 2006.
    • Zou, H; Schmiedeler, JP; Hardy, WN: Separating Brain Motion into Rigid Body Displacement and Deformation under Low-Severity Impacts. Journal of Biomechanics, 2006.
    • Siegel, JH; Yang KH; Smith JA; Siddiqi SQ; Shah CS; Maddali M; Hardy, WN: Computer simulation and validation of the Archimedes Lever Hypothesis as a mechanism for aortic isthmus disruption in a case of lateral impact motor vehicle crash. The Journal of Trauma, Vol. 60(5), 2006.
    • Mason, MJ; Shah, CS; Maddali M; Yang, KH; Hardy, WN; Van Ee, CA; Digges, K: A New Device for High-Speed Biaxial Tissue Testing: Application to Traumatic Rupture of the Aorta. Transactions of the Society of Automotive Engineers, 2005.
    • Balasubramanian, S; Beillas, P; Belwadi, A; Hardy, WN; Yang, KH; King AI: Below Knee Impact Responses Using Cadeveric Specimens. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 48, 2004.
    • Parnaik, Y; Beillas, P; Demetropolis, CK: Hardy, WN; Yang, KH; King, AI: The Influence of Surrogate Blood Vessels on the Impact Respnse of a Physical Model of the Brain. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 48, 2004.
    • Zhang, L; Bae, J; Hardy, WN; Monson, KL; Manley, GT; Goldsmith W; Yang, KH; King, AI: Computational Study of the Contribution of the Vascular on the Dynamic Response of the Brain. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 46, 2002.
    • Kleiven, S; Hardy, WN: Correlation of an FE Model of the Human Head with Local Brain Motion – Consequences for Injury Prediction. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 46, 2002.
    • Hardy, WN; Schneider, LW; Rouhana, SW: Prediction of Airbag-Induced Forearm Fractures and Airbag Aggressivity. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 45, pp. 511-530, 2001.
    • Hardy, WN; Schneider, LW; Rouhana, SW: Abdominal Impact Response to Rigid-Bar, Seatbelt, and Airbag Loading. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 45, pp. 1-31, 2001.
    • Hardy, WN; Foster, CD; Mason, MJ; Yang, KH; King, AI; Tashman S: Investigation of Head Injury Mechanisms Using Neutral Density Technology and High-Speed Biplanar X-ray. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 45, pp.337-368, 2001.
    • Rouhana, SW; Elhagediab, AM; Walbridge, A; Hardy, WN; Schneider, LW: Development of a Reusable, Rate-Sensitive Abdomen for the Hybrid III Family of Dummies. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 45, pp. 33-59, 2001.
    • Shah, CS; Yang, KH; Hardy, WN; Wang, HK; King, AI: Development of a Computer Model to Predict Aortic Rupture Due to Impact Loading. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 45, pp. 161-182, 2001.
    • Zhang, L; Yang, KH; Dwarampudi, R; Omori, K; Li, T; Chang, K; Hardy, WN; Khalil, TB; and King AI: Recent Advances in Brain Injury Research: A New Human Head Model Development and Validation. Stapp Car Crash Journal, Vol. 45, pp. 369-393, 2001.
    • Viano, DC; Hardy, WN; King, AI: Response of the Head, Neck and Torso to Pendulum Impacts on the Back. Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control, Vol. 2(4), pp. 289-306, 2001.

  • Professional History

    • 2009-Present, Director, Center for Injury Biomechanics; Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Tech
    • 2009, Associate Professor, Childress Institute for Pediatric Trauma, Wake Forest University School of Medicine
    • 2007, Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine
    • 2001-2007, Instructor (Research), Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University
    • 1995-2000, Senior Research Associate, Biosciences Division, University of Michigan
    • 1989-2001, Adjunct Instructor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wayne State University
    • 1986-1994, Research Assistant, Bioengineering Center, Wayne State University
    • 1981, Summer Intern, Department of Neurosurgery, Wayne State University

  • Awards & Honors

    • 2016 – Elected to SAE Fellow Grade Membership
    • 2015 – John Paul Stapp Award (Danelson, first author)
    • 2015 – Outstanding Dissertation selected by the Virginia Tech Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics Department – E.M. Fievisohn: Traumatic Brain Injury Mechanisms in the Gottingen Minipig in Response to Two Unique Input Modes
    • 2013 – Outstanding Dissertation selected by the Virginia Tech School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, M.K. Howes: Injury Mechanisms, Tissue Properties, and Impact Response of the Post-Mortem Human Abdomen in Frontal Impact
    • 2013 – Virginia Tech College of Engineering Faculty Fellow
    • 2013 – Dr. Margaret H. Hines Award for Best Paper and Presentation at the 9th Annual Injury Biomechanics Symposium. Received by E.M. Fievisohn (faculty advisor)
    • 2012 – John Paul Stapp Award (Howes, first author, faculty advisor)
    • 2012 – John Paul Stapp Student Award, First Place, received by M.K. Howes (faculty advisor)
    • 2012 – Dr. Margaret H. Hines Award for Best Paper and Presentation at the 8th Annual Injury Biomechanics Symposium. Received by M.K. Howes (faculty advisor)
    • 2012 – Best Student Poster at the 49th International ISA Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation Symposium, published in Biomed. Sci. Instrum., received by E.M. Fievisohn (faculty advisor)
    • 2012 – Best Student Paper at the 49th International ISA Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation Symposium, received by M.K. Howes (faculty advisor)
    • 2012 – SBES Distinguished Leader in Research
    • 2011 – 4th International Collegiate Student Safety Technology-Design Competition, 22nd ESV Conference of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration – Runner up, received by T.S. Gregory and M. Howes (faculty advisor)
    • 2011 – SBES Distinguished Leader in Research
    • 2010 – SBES Distinguished Leader in Research
    • 2010 – Paul E. Torgersen Graduate Student Research Symposium, Second place, oral PhD competition – A. Kemper, The Influences of Arm Position on Thoracic Response in Side Impacts (faculty advisor)
    • 2008 – John Paul Stapp Award (has never been awarded to the same author in consecutive years and never before to the same first author three times)
    • 2007 – John Paul Stapp Award
    • 2006 – John Paul Stapp Student Award
    • 2001 – John Paul Stapp Award
    • 1992 – SAE Arnold W. Siegel Award
    • 1981 – Michigan Legislative Award

  • Professional Leadership

    • Positions Held
      • SAE Frontal Impact Dummy Enhancement Task Group, 1990-1993
      • SAE Arm-Airbag Interaction Task Group, 1995-2003
      • SAE Frontal Dummy Abdomen Task Group, 1999-2002
      • SAE ABA Occupant Protection Committee, 2006-present
      • SAE Occupant Portection Subcommittee for future new journals/events, Chair, 2012-present
      • SAE Impulse Noise Task Group, 2006-present
      • SAE THOR Working Group, 2007-present
      • SAE Hybrid III 6 Year Old Abdomen Round Robin Task Force, 2008-present
      • AAAM Scientific Program Committee, 2009-present
      • Stapp Advisory Subcommittee on Viability, Chair, 2010-2014
      • Research Steering Committee for USAARL (Army), 2010
      • Occupant Protection Planning Committee (NASA), 2010
      • Editorships and Editorial Boards
      • Associate Editor for the Passenger Car Engineering-Mechanical Systems Journal
      • Associate Editor for the Journal of Impact Biomechanics
      • Editor in Chief for the Journal of Transportation Safety
      • Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine Scientific Program Committee Past Chair
      • Reviewer for
      • Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 2004-present
      • Journal of Biomechanics, 2005-present
      • Spine Journal, 2006-present
      • Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2008-present
      • SAE Transactions, 2005-2010
      • ASME, 2005-present
      • Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2008-present
      • Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine, 2009-present
      • Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2008-present
      • Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2009-present
      • Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, 2009-present
      • Musculoskeletal Disorders, 2009-present
      • Journal of Neurotrauma, 2010-present
      • Traffic Injury Prevention, 2005-present
      • Journal of Passenger Cars – Mechanical Systems, 2010-present
      • Transportation Safety Journal, 2012-present
      • Other Professional Service
      • Session co-chair, Session No.4 – Pelvic and Lower Extremity Injuries, 3rd World Congress of Biomechanics. Sapporo, Japan, August 1998
      • Organizer/session chair for the Abdominal Injury Biomechanics sessions (2) for the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, 2006
      • Organizer/session chair for the Rear Impact, Rollover, and Side Impact sessions (4)(3) for the SAE World Congress, 2007, 2008
      • Organizer/session chair for the Biomechanics sessions (3 each) for the SAE World Congress, 2008, 2009, 2010
      • Organizer for the Abdominal Injury Biomechanics session for the 6th World Congress of Biomechanics, 2010
      • Organizer/session chair for the Biomechanics sessions (3 each) for the SAE World Congress, 2011, 2012
      • Session chair for the 52th Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 2010
      • General Conference Program Chair for the 55th Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Paris, France, 2011
      • Session Chair for the 2011 Stapp Car Crash Conference, Detroit, MI
      • Organizer and session chair for the Advanced Technologies and New Frontiers in Military Injury Biomechanics with Aerospace and Automotive Applications, 2011, 2012
      • Organizer/session chair for the Biomechanics sessions for the SAE World Congress, 2013, 2014
      • Organizer, Advanced Technologies and New Frontiers in Brain Injuries and Biomechanics, Arlington, VA, April, 2013
      • Organizer, Advanced Technologies and New Frontiers in Brain Injuries and Biomechanics, Arlington, VA, April, 2014
      • Session Chair, the 57th Stapp Car Crash Conference, November 11-13, 2014, Orlando, FL.
      • Organizer/session chair for the Biomechanics sessions for the SAE World Congress, 2015, 2016
      • Session Chair, the 58th Stapp Car Crash Conference, November 9-11, 2015, New Orleans, LA
      • Session Chair, the 60th Stapp Car Crash Conference, November 7-9, 2015, Washington, DC.